With significant technological breakthroughs in wireless communications and the rise of portable computing devices, academics have shifted their focus to enhancing the functionality of networks and, in particular, assuring speedy access to information regardless of time or location. Wireless networks relied only on meticulously designed and scaled facilities and a hierarchical command structure. With the massive proliferation of wireless applications and incredibly personal and local networks, the need for autonomy, independence, flexibility, and cost reduction has become evident.
An ad-hoc network is a set of nodes that self-configure to build a network without the need for existing infrastructure or backbone. It allows the network to be constructed quickly and easily. Ad hoc networks use mobile nodes to facilitate communication in areas outside the wireless transmission range. Multiple classifications of ad hoc networks, including Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET), Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET), Flying Ad hoc Network (FANET), Underwater Ad hoc Network (UANET), and Visible Light Ad hoc Network (VLANET). Each category is distinct from the others. This paper uses a comparative study method that compares various kinds of ad hoc networks from multiple sources. For each form of an ad-hoc network, this study examines its unique traits, current uses, and some of the obstacles it has experienced.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Elmor Benedict Wagiu, Chuan-Ming Liu